During this week, the Centre for the Environment produced and published five info graphics of comparative data in the field of urban mobility. The data from this analysis are of a comparative nature, and show what Banja Luka looks like compared to some other European and regional cities, in terms of the motorisation rate, the length of bicycle infrastructure, parking prices, public transport prices and etc.
On the first info graphic, we can see how many inhabitants Banja Luka has, and how many motor vehicles, that is, how many cars there are in the total number of motor vehicles and how much area they occupy.
Another info graphic shows us the motorisation rate in Banja Luka, i.e. the number of registered motor vehicles per thousand inhabitants. Furthermore, we can see the motorisation rate in some other European cities, and compare them.
Reducing the motorisation rate, i.e. primarily the number of registered private passenger motor vehicles that make up the largest share in the degree of motorisation, is the basic way to reduce traffic congestion and return public space to people. It is also one of the ways to increase traffic safety, and it has the effect of reducing air pollution.
The third info graphic shows some of the interesting data related to parking areas in Banja Luka. That is, how much public space do we use exclusively for the purpose of parking cars.
As we can see, only public city parking lots have been taken into account in the budget. Private parking lots owned by individuals, companies (including those of shopping malls), and residential buildings were not taken.
So, the real number, which is much harder to calculate – is many times higher.
The fourth info graphic talks about the total length of bicycle lanes in Banja Luka, and compares it with some of the cities in the region and the rest of Europe.
The existence of quality, meaningful and safe cycling infrastructure is the main precondition for increasing the presence of this type of traffic in the total, and one of the two main conditions for reducing the motorisation rate in any city.
The second is the improvement of public transport through the improvement of the quality and quantity of the vehicles and lines, i.e. the network. Although this second method directly increases the number of motor vehicles (buses, in the case of Banja Luka) – it still indirectly reduces the need to use cars, given the capacity of passenger transport. Also, it is also important to mention that the difference between the nominal capacity for passenger transport and the real situation on the ground is many times bigger between cars and buses.
The last, fifth info graphic, tells us about the relationship between the parking price and the price of public transport in Banja Luka and in some of the cities in the region. Furthermore, in order to complete the picture, there is data on average salaries in these cities, but also on how many public commutes can be afforded for one average salary, if it, of course, was used only for that.