Save Sana River (2009. – …)
The Center for Environment (CfE), together with the Coalition for Sana, which consists of 23 associations from the Sana River Basin, from 2009 to 2018 fought against the construction of the small hydropower plant (sHPP) “Medna” in the upper course of the Sana River.
Banjaluka-based investor “LSB Elektrane” Ltd. started the construction of sHPP “Medna” on Sana river sources, despite the fact that the Spatial Plan of Republika Srpska envisages the upper flow of Sana river as a nature park and the Sana river sources under strict protection regime, due to the natural and environmental values.
The Government of the Republika Srpska has adopted the Decree on the classification of waters and categorization of watercourses, which puts the Sana river in the first category, in which there are only two rivers left in RS. The Institute for the Protection of the Cultural, Historical and Natural Heritage of the RS submitted an expert opinion with ten reasons why no hydropower plant should be built on Sana’s sources.
The concession was transfered to the concessionaire “EHE” Ltd from Banjaluka, who, like previous concessionaires, did not have an environmental permit or construction permit, which grossly violated the Law on Environmental Protection, the Law on Spatial Planning and Construction, and the Law on Concessions and many other regulations of the Republika Srpska.
It is important to note that from the very beginning, the local population eagerly opposed the construction of this hydropower plant. The municipality of Ribnik, on whose territory the sources of the Sana river are located, has come up with a decision opposing the construction of the sHPP “Medna”.
Unfortunately, the competent institutions, and above all the Inspectorate of the Republika Srpska, did not react and stopped further illegal destruction of the Sana river.
The Coalition for Sana has produced a “Feasibility Study for the Community by Building a sHPP “Medna” on Sana River Springs” by an economic expert which shows exactly what the Coalition has been talking about for years – the sHPP “Medna” is of benefit to individuals only. The functioning of the plant has a negative financial effect on the budget of the municipality and the Republika Srpska in the amount of 1.055.988,00 BAM. The conclusion is that the sHPP “Medna” from the financial aspect has extremely negative effects on the community.
Despite a lengthy legal battle and numerous arguments, the sHPP “Medna” was nonetheless put into operation in 2018.
But the fight for Sana river is also a fight for the future of this country and our descendants, and the associations assembled in the Coalition for Sana, led by the CfE, do not give up its continuous protection.
WE DID IT!
On Septemebr 30th 2021., the Government of the Republika Srpska passed the Decision on the proclamation of the Natural Monument “Vrela Sana” (springs of the Sana River) for the protection of which the Center for the Environment (Bosnia and Herzegovina) launched an initiative at the end of January 2019.
This decision finally declares 3.2 km2 of protected area, which includes three karst springs of the river Sana, the lower course of the river Korana and the cave Mračaj, as a natural monument, called the Monument of Nature “Springs of Sana”.
“Although did the sHPP Medna disrupt the environment of the entire upper course of the Sana river and changed the conditions for the protection and proclamation of the Upper Sana Nature Park, new initiatives from the CfE are important to preserve and place the remaining natural values of this area under the State protection.” The Institute is ready for this task and we are happy to have the opportunity to work on the protection of such beautiful river, which certainly deserves it”, Dragan Kovačević, Head of the Department for Natural Heritage at the Institute for the Protection of Cultural, Historical and Natural Heritage of the Republic of Srpska
In addition to the initiative for the protection of the Sana spring, the Center for the Environment also submitted an initiative for the protection of the downstream part of the Sana river, known as the “Prizren Grad canyon”, and conducted biological research on both of these sites, the data of which is used to prepare the Protection Study.
“The results we got show that this area is unique and that it is inhabited by a large number of important plant and animal species. The results of the research provide data for as many as 304 species, and among them there are many for which there were no data from this area so far. It is important to note that there is also a gray falcon habitat in Prizren Grad Canyon”, Iva Miljević, Sana River Research Coordinator, Center for Environment
The Coalition for Protection of Sana
The Coalition is an informal group of citizen associations, currently comprised of 22 citizens’ associations, aimed at suspending plans to build HPP’s on the Sana river and sustainably using the Sana’s water resources. The Coalition consists of the following associations: Ecological Movement ‘Zelenkovac’, Association of Vrbljanci, Mountaineering-Ecological Society ‘Vidik’, for Environment, Mountaineering Society ‘Čičak’, Ecological Society ‘Vrbljanski Biseri’, Association of Mushroom and Nature Lovers, Association of Sport Fishermen of Mrkonjić Grad, Association for Support to Sustainable Development ‘Green Trails’, Association of Parents with Four and More Children ‘Lion’, Association of Sport Fishermen ‘Sana’, Mountaineering-Ecological Association ‘Kanjon’, Mountaineering Sports Association ‘Vitorog’, Association of Citizens ‘Youth Center’, Student Organization of the Faculty of Science, Association of Independent Creators and Activists ‘Geto’, Mountaineering Association ‘Gora’, Association of Citizens ‘Sanus’, Association of Citizens ‘Spark of Life’, Mountaineering Sports Association ‘Telekom-Postar’, Center for Responsible Democracy ‘Luna’ and the Student Organization of the University of Banjaluka.