In collaboration with the Glamoč based associations “Runolist” and “Tropolje i Zapadne strane”, as a part of efforts to protect the production of Glamoč opanak (a traditional type of shoe) as cultural heritage, as well as to promote karst poljes, Center for Environment organized an action in which a paper Glamoč opanak, over 50 meters in size was created as a symbol of the inseparable relationship between humans and nature in these areas.
This is the fourth paper action organized by the Center for Environment so far, within the activities aimed at protection and promotion of karst poljes as areas of special significance for preserving natural and cultural heritage. Previous actions were organized in Livanjsko, Gatačko, and Kupreško poljes, showcasing plant and animal species characteristic of those poljes. With this action in Glamočko polje, Center aimed to emphasize the importance of humans for the survival of the polje, which would become overgrown and lose its distinctiveness and biological value without human activities.
“People, with their traditions and customs, are an integral part of nature, and few activities are in such symbiosis with the environment as livestock farming and mowing in karst poljes. As much as we have influenced nature, nature has also shaped us, our beliefs, daily activities, and culture. We have perfect examples of this symbiosis in Glamočko polje, which, due to its fertility, has enabled centuries-old agricultural and livestock practices, ultimately giving rise to a rich cultural heritage,” said Nataša Crnković, Coordinator of the Biodiversity and Protected Areas Program at Center for Environment.
Siniša Šolak, President of the association “Tropolje i Zapadne strane,” which is implementing the project “Glamočko Opanak as a Unique Offer of Bosnia and Herzegovina,” explains that the opportunity now comes in the form of the traditional Glamoč opanak.
“The opanak is the pride of this region, and it is currently produced solely by the Nenadić family in their workshop located within their own ethno-household. It was granted protected geographical indication by the Institute for Intellectual Property of Bosnia and Herzegovina in March this year. The next step is its inclusion on the list of intangible heritage of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina,” emphasized Šolak.
Glamočko polje and its natural assets provide an excellent backdrop for the development of various forms of sustainable tourism, as well as other economic activities such as livestock farming. It is necessary, however, to pay attention to ensuring that all these activities are developed in a manner that does not endanger the environment, while benefiting the local population the most, as this is the only way to ensure the return and presence of people in these areas.
This activity is part of the project “Sustainable Future for the freshwater ecosystem Livanjsko polje in Bosnia and Herzegovina”, which aims to promote and protect Livanjsko polje, as well as other karst fields in BiH. The Center implements it in cooperation with the Ornithological Society Naše ptice and the EuroNatur organization with the support of the DIMFE foundation.