Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) is home to many endemic species that live only there and nowhere else in the world, and it is among the most biodiverse countries in Europe. B&H has 30% of the total endemic flora of the Balkans. However, biological diversity in B&H is under various threats, from the uncontrolled construction of hydropower plants to the introduction of invasive species that change our natural habitats, Center for the Environment warns on the International Day for Biological Diversity, May 22.
“Global changes, excessive deforestation, intensive soil erosion, intensive agriculture, overexploitation of biological resources, and unsustainable exploitation of water and mineral resources increase the growing threat for biological diversity in B&H daily. A special problem is the weak and inefficient implementation of legal regulations, lack of a clear institutional framework, as well as weak research of biological diversity,” said Aleksandra Anja Dragomirovic coordinator of the Biodiversity and Protected Areas Program in the Center for the Environment.
She explains that the loss of species and habitats leads to disturbances of natural balance and established natural relations between species and nature. The global crisis caused by coronavirus supports this attitude. According to all relevant scientists, emergence and transmission of coronavirus is a result of the habitat and species destruction.
“In order to prevent such phenomena in the future, it is necessary to understand the role and significance of all species that make complex and unbreakable chains in nature. In the time ahead, we want our society to be a leader in preserving biological diversity because the diversity of species that inhabit the space of our country should be recognized as our greatest wealth. That is why it is important to preserve and improve natural habitats and biological diversity through systematic support for research and nature protection, but also a responsible attitude towards natural resources, which are often seen only as resources.
Through its activities, the Center for the Environment contributes to the research of biological diversity, conservation, and adequate management of natural values and protected areas. Also, advocacy activities of the Center contribute to increasing the number of protected areas and involving the public in decision-making processes when it comes to nature management.
The United Nations proclaimed May 22 as the International Day for Biological Diversity in 2000 to increase awareness of biological diversity and the necessity of its conservation. This year the theme for this day is “Our solutions are in nature.”
Center for the Environment prepared the collage that best illustrates the diversity of nature and shows unusual, little known, but no less valuable species.
Amazon horned frog, translucent crustacean, smiling fish…
All these species live on our planet; they were evolving for millions of years and adapting to specific living conditions.
Biological diversity on Earth is so diverse that we have not discovered many species yet and on the other hand, different human activities endanger many species and threaten with their extinction. That is why the Center for the Environment appeals to the importance of biological diversity conservation because each species has its role in nature.