The idea that pesticides are necessary to feed the world’s growing population is just a myth- experts for food and pollution from UN claim.
The new report critiques multinational corporations that produce pesticides, accusing them of denial of harm, aggressive and unethical marketing, lobbying of governments, all of that slowing down reforms and stoping restrictions on pesticides use. The report states that pesticides have a catastrophic effect on the environment, human health and society in general, including estimated 200 000 deaths annually, from acute pesticide poisoning.
“Using more pesticides will not stop world hunger. According to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), we are currently able to feed 9 billion people. Food production is growing, but the problem is poverty, inequality and unequal distribution”, Hilal Elver, UN special rapporteur on food, states. She states that developed countries have strong legislation about pesticides, like the EU, because it is based on the precautionary principle. EU forbids use of neonicotinoid pesticides, that harm bees, which cause reactions from the chemical industry. But other countries, like USA, don’t use the precautionary principle.
That report claims that only 35% of developed countries have a regulatory regime for pesticides, but even then the implementation is in question. Also, there are some pesticides that are forbidden in one country, but are still produced for export there.
“ The new report from UN experts for food and pollution confirms the Center for the Environment stand that agriculture without pesticides is possible and sufficient to feed the world. Bosnia and Herzegovina has enough arable land which, with cultivation of traditional cultures, can provide healthy food for our people”, stated Marina Kuburić from the Center for the Environment.
The UN report concludes that chronic exposure to pesticides is connected to carcinoma, Alcheimer disease, Parkinson disease, hormonal and growth disruption, infertility, and that there is a danger of food contamination with pesticides, which can lead to lethal consequences.